Resource Base

Development theory dictates that resource base is one of the initial conditions which have the potential to determine the development trajectory of a nation. Societies tend to transform by using their resources. A salient feature of structural transformation is that as nations or societies harness their capital from nature given resources to physical capital, human capital, and social capital, their economies are accordingly transformed from localized agriculture to industry, and globalized services. Ethiopia has launched the growth and transformation plan since 2012 in an effort to transform its economy from traditional agriculture to knowledge based modern industry. As citizens are both the beneficiary and critical inputs to the process of structural transformation, the nation has invested in education and health over the last two decades since the mid-1990s. The results are encouraging.

In an another perspective, an important avenue through which the high contribution of the localized service sector to the economic growth achieved in Ethiopia so far is by transforming the sector towards the global value chain. The tourism industry is one of the underutilized resource bases Ethiopia can rely on for its transformation towards globalized services.

The various regional states of the Federal Democratci Republic of Ethiopia are endwed with diverse natural and human resources. The Harari regional state is endwed with its own natural and historical treasuries. Human capital is one of the major resources of the region. The antiquity of Harar, the unique cultural values and heritages, the rich experience of urbanization, and the specialization in trade are important attributes of the Harari Region which the regional state counts on as potential sources of development.

Man has unique ability that can be mobilized towards positive changes during extraordinary circumstances. This ability is defined in the form of human capital which can be shaped by investments in the form of health and education. Probably, the greatest treasure of man is its ability to perpetually harness itself. Differences in development among societies began from rigor and ways of harnessing human capital. Ability to mobilize society against entrenched social challenges, attitude of overcoming social odds with hardwork, ethics and work discipline, positive perception to education and health are good attributes of societies that can help shape a better future.

One of the great resources of the Harari region is its people. The population in Harari Region stands at 210,000 out of which female population accounts for 51 per cent while male population accounts for the balance 49 per cent. Population in the working age group of 15 to 64 years accounts for 64 per cent of the total population. The youth population in the age range of 15 to 39 years constitutes to 43 per cent of the total population. One of the prime development goals of the Harari Regional State is to harness the youth in terms of education, skills, and ethics.

The positive perception of the Harari people towards modern education and health creates fertile ground for the critically needed human capital formation which in turn is a basis for a transformation towards a knowledge based economy.

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